Spinoza turns to Christian rites such as baptism, festivals and public prayers and wonders if they were introduced by Christ or his apostles. If they were, which he doubts, their purpose was to establish a church and they had nothing to do with blessedness nor did they have any sanctity in themselves.
Although these ceremonies had nothing to do with governance they were used to preserve a certain society. Spinoza points out that hermits or citizens of Japan abstain from such rites and can, nevertheless, live in a state of blessedness.
Spinoza's words: I am anxious to proceed to my next proposition. I will now, therefore, pass on to what persons are bound to believe in the narratives contained in Scripture, and how far they are so bound by them.