Selection from – Political Treatise - Chapter 1, Introduction (Page 1)

Spinoza's Words – (studying politics impartially; as a manifestion of human nature)

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Applying my mind to politics, I have resolved ... to deduce from the very condition of human nature... only such things as agree best with practice. And that I might investigate the subject-matter of this science with the same freedom of spirit as we generally use in mathematics, I have laboured carefully, not to mock, lament, or execrate, but to understand human actions; and to this end I have looked upon passions, such as love, hatred, anger, envy, ambition, pity, and the other perturbations of the mind, not in the light of vices of human nature, but as properties, just as pertinent to it, as are heat, cold, storm, thunder, and the like to the nature of the atmosphere.